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geography

Broken Society

This affirmation finds sentry box in the diverse segments of the society, except, ‘ ‘ classroom gestora’ ‘ that, what seems does not demonstrate sensitivity of ‘ ahead; ‘ caos’ ‘ that (DES) it involves the society and it affects, over all, poor than throughout the process of construction of the Brazilian society they had been kept out of society due to ‘ ‘ natureza’ ‘ in the way of capitalist production ‘ ‘ cultivado’ ‘ , this of the guideline of intention of the State abusively expropriated great part of the population absenting. The Brazilian poor classroom meets in this beginning of century XXI, therefore, unprovided of resources enough to supply its immediate necessities as: feeding, education, health and leisure having as alternative, the contemplamento with the politics ‘ ‘ paternalistas’ ‘ adopted for the State. The objective conditions of precarious works when existing they are generally e, insufficient, to understand one demand each more increasing time of the population city dweller what it contributes for the accumulation of the urban marginality. The populations of the cities (great, average and small) in turn, search alternatives for survival in the inferior circuit of the economy. The increasing marginalizao of the young generally leads these (poor) to the meeting of crime being coerced by the violent action imposed by the drug trafficking, and, infanto-youthful prostitution, fact that discloses to the abandonment and the state more declining than the human being are submitted when vitimado for a society that if it inspires in the expropriation as convivncia norm. In the poor peripheries of the cities, the young ones generally are launched in the conditions of search for the survival. They are improper conditions, therefore the search for the bread substitutes the search for knowing and the STATE, alleges not to make use of resources enough to invest in supramentioned strategical sectors already, which not being prioritized, testify of the intention of the State despot to support the people in a condition of perpetually subordinate life.

Landscape

The study of the landscape in Archaeology involves questescomplexas on the ways with that prehistoric groups, conscientiously ouno, had molded its social and cultural spaces, situations that involve umavariedade of processes in such a way related to the organization of this space how much asua modification in function of a diversity of intentions that incluemsubsistncia, questions of economic, social order, politics, cognitiva, symbolic or religious. It is coherent to affirm that the people perceive, classificame molds the surrounding landscape from symbolic processes that to podemestar entailed to the cultural traditions of the group, to the sentimental, memria attachment, to myths, while local of ancestral the e, qui, having comoreferncias sacred and profane borders (Knapp, 1999). The estimated ones of the Archaeology of the Landscape are marked, over all, for the use, of the geotecnologias (Cf.Morais, 1999, p.31). It has an inherent concern to this concept of utilizaodesses methods and techniques so that they identify the archaeological small farms (elugares) made use in the landscape and linked it, that is, desenvolvimentode integral systematic studies and of the archaeological register and the landscape (this last one understood not as a passive entity where they occur osprocessos social or as an to be explored resource, more as a construosocial), of dosassentamentos form to understand and to interpret the space distribution, occurrences, places of archaeological interest e, consequently, the possible uses of the space for former populations, in the queCriado Boado (1991, 1996, 2001), defined as a strategy of inquiry, identification and understanding of the archaeological register with sights to the archaeological reconstruopaisagens, as well as the processes of continuity and change queconstituram> current landscape. Thanks to the technological advances allies to the novasperspectivas of the archaeological research, much if have produced in direction dacompreenso of the landscape. In such a way, the Archaeology of the Landscape involves usode tools to multidiscipline, over all supplied for Geography eGeocincias in order to understand the ways for which the grupospr-descriptions had occupied and modified the landscape in function of its prticaseconmico-productive, social and cultural, in the same way understanding as aspessoas they had been influenced, motivated and restricted for it.

Colony Chico Mendes

Manoel and Mrs. Sueli appeared, one of the first inhabitants. Immediately afterwards, it came the family of Mrs. Glorinha, Mrs. Alda and of Mr. Valentire, together they will congregate and they had organized the first election of this community, having been elect Captain Evanildo, who brought some innovations for community, as the implantation of a club of mothers and a day-care center that took care of good part of families, being the fight biggest would be the construction of a school. Currently the community is without president, only counting only on the communitarian chairman of the board who is Mr.

Juarez where he searchs to develop communitarian meetings, the quarter today has 18 years of foundation for the association of inhabitants. The population isolated itself of the social point of view, therefore the urban infrastructure still is precarious, not taking care of to all the community. The Ducke Reserve keeps narrow relation with the community, therefore from there fruits, remedies leave and wood, beyond the hunting and of fishes. The Colony Chico Mendes, for is a little moved away from the urban area functions as a strategical point for the industrial circulation, starts to direct its activity to the extrativismo, culture of agricultures based in properties of values added in its production. It blunts, also, as an agricultural community in opened urban space inside of the city of Manaus, that according to SOARES2 ' ' urban agriculture comes if constituting as world-wide an urban concern, the result of this, it could only be the relation that the occupation of informal types and the production of an agricultural space the urban context has with its costs and Inter-relations with the ambient problems urbanos' '. The horticulture carried through in the community understands the open spaces practised in the urban perimeter, having as objective to divulge the activity developed for the agriculturists of the area in propitious environments the urban life, as the sales of the products cost lowest food for the proper community.

Peru Occupation

To understand better we will go to distribute the nossasreflexes in the following way on the questions that permeiam the challenges dapesquisa scientific in the Amaznia will go to approach at the first moment, we will make umbreve historical of the occupation of the Amaznia and the national subordination of the politics publicasao the capital International and elites; at as the moment, veremosimportncia of science and the technology as strategical tool dedesenvolvimento scientific production; at the third moment, we will see the dficiteducacional as it impedes to the sustainable development; in the room we will momentoveremos the study on the contribution of the Kayaps peoples for the formation dosCerrados in the Gotire village in the south of Par; in the fifth and not little the final importantemomento, consideraes. soon historical of the occupation of the daspolticas Amaznia and the subordination Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, and GuianFrancesa, of which Brazil withholds 63.4% of the total area, what it corresponds a4.121.000 km2, as tells the representative of the area of cinciasBiologicas I-Capes-MEC.

Much even so this immense region was extremely attractive, given its privileged geographic position, it represented at the same time, certain degree of inacessibilidade, however, its process of occupation is muitorecente and occurs with a frightful speed with the contribution of the burguesianacional and the international capital. This dynamics of> Amazonian space if gave deformed differential of the too much regions that compose the nacionalbrasileiro territory, what it was of if waiting, for the peculiar conditions that it are historical decomposition, of territorial dimension to only cite two. The dAmaznia insertion in the context of the international capital as we will see the impressions to deBecker to follow ‘ ‘ The primeirodevassamento was of the tropical forest of the fertile valley, throughout the rivers, in searched ‘ ‘ drugs of serto’ ‘ , used as condiments and in the European pharmacy..

Minas Gerais

General analysis of the occurrences for city in the years of 2006 the 2009. It is identified that the distribution of the accidents involving the road transport of dangerous chemical products occurrences between the years of 2006 the 2009, concentrate in the regions central, south/Southeastern and Mining triangle. It is important to stand out that the State of Minas Gerais is as the most populous one of the country and what possesss a bigger number of cities, with a fifty and eight hundred total and three. What it represents a little more than a fifty and percent (51.2%) of the existing cities in the Southeastern region and a little more than fifteen percent (15.5%) of the existing cities and that also possesss the biggest road mesh of Brazil (IBGE 2009). The occurrences are concentrated in the three main federal highways that cut to the state of Minas Gerais, being they BR-381, BR- 262 and BR-040. One perceives that the cited regions above, they concentrate a bigger economic development, bigger adensamento and are directly on to the states of bigger economic development. The state of Minas Gerais is located in a strategical geographic position, therefore the main highways that take care of to the development of the states of the Center West, North Northeast of the country crosses the state. Thus concentrating, the biggest road mesh of the country, what also it contributes for the addition of the flow of vehicles and consequently the increase of the number of accidents in the state Notices that the accidents involving the transport of dangerous chemical products occurred between the years of 2006 the 2009, had kept in the average of an occurrence for each city identified in the map in annex. The region where he was registered a bigger number of occurrences of accidents was the metropolitan of Belo Horizonte, with a number of five accidents registered in period 2006 the 2009.

Frenchman Yves Lacoste

Perhaps these are the requirements necessary, that they make possible the educators to take taste for the education I criticize, to perfect the source of geographic thought that better if adapte to its philosophy of life and the reality of educating, leading always in consideration that the pupil that is the center of the process I teach-prendizagem. In such a way the resume, the methodology and the chosen chain of thought must go of meeting with the objectives/yearnings of the students, since, live it were of the knowledge, being this the foundation of the society. Recently Mashable sought to clarify these questions. It is on the basis of this aspect that we have that to enable the educators and educandos of the EJA, to act and to think of creative form, criticize here, conscientious of its/now, people who if feel integrant and operating part of the partner-economic context and cultural the one that belong. This is the true paper of Geography, and the basic point of the intellectual production. The Frenchman Yves Lacoste (1988) in its book Geography? this serves in first place to make the war, estimates the existence of two Geographies: …

one in relation to the Geography of Bigger states and to the other of the Geography of the Professors. The first one, of old origin, the geography of the General staffs, is a set of cartographic representations and knowledge varied referring to the space; this to know sincrtico clearly is perceived as eminently strategical by the leading minorities use that it as instrument of being able. Already the second geography the one that if it relates, would be that one practised by the professors, if becoming an ideological speech in which one of the unconscious functions, is to mask the strategical importance of the reasonings centered in the space. This geography of the professors are not only extirpada of practical politics and military as of economic decisions (therefore the professors in this do not have participation), but it dissimulates, to the eyes of the majority, the effectiveness of the instruments of being able that they are the space analyses.

Maria Ceclia France

15p.Disponvel in: . Access in: 23 May 2009. CAVALCANTI, Lana de Souza. Geography, school and construction of knowledge. Campinas, SP: Papirus, 1998. (Collection Teaching: Formation and pedagogical work) .192p. COAST, Lenivaldo.

Analysis of the practical one in the Young Education of Adult. WEBARTIGOS, So Paulo, Sea. 2009. Available in: . Access in: 15 of May of 2009. DALLABRIDA, Norberto.

The reform Francisco> historical trajectory and proposals. Scientific magazine of the University of the So Paulo West UNOESTE. President Prudente, v.1, N. 1, P. 81 88, jul/ten., 2002. ____________________, Geography as science and as it disciplines pertaining to school in the last few decades pedagogical practical conceptions and. In: VII BRAZILIAN CONGRESS LUSO OF HISTORY OF the EDUCATION, VII, 2008, Port. PERTAINING TO SCHOOL CULTURE MIGRATIONS AND CITIZENSHIP. Port: College of Psychology and Sciences of the Education, 2008. 9p. LACOSTE, Yves. Geography this serves in first place, to make the war; translation: Maria Ceclia France 4 Ed. Campinas, SP: Papirus, 1997.> LIBNEO, Jose Carlos. Didactics. So Paulo: Cortez, 1994. – (Collection teaching. 2 degree. Series formation of professor) 264 P. YOU MARK, Valria. Reflections on the education of Geography in the initial series of basic education. VIRTUAL MAGAZINE PARTS, So Paulo, v.16, Ten 2008. Available in: . Access in: 15 of May of 2009. MENEZES, Ebenezer Takuno of; SAINTS, Thais Helena of. ' ' The Reformation Francisco Campos' '. Interactive dictionary of the Brazilian Education – EducBrasil. So Paulo: Midiamix Publishing company, 2002, visited in 22/11/2009. PAIVA, Councilman V. of; PASSION, Lea Pine. PABAEE, primary education with international assistance. In: IT WOULD MAKE, Luciano Mendes of; PEIXOTO, Ana Casasanta Maria (org). Lies of Mines: 70 years of the Secretariat of the Education of the Education. Belo Horizonte: Secretariat of the Education of Minas Gerais, 2008. Pg 104 the 120. ROSSIGNOL, Jacques Emile Claude. The technology in the education of 1 degree.

The Base

A population of almost half million of inhabitants suffered the penalties from the rationing, while one reduced number of irrigantes used, without any control, the source, in the cited quantitative levels already, speeding up its process of exhaustion. Exhaustion, also, of the point of view of the quality in the measure where the used excesses of organic substance and chemical products in the plantios were carreados for the body dgua; in the forms of seasonings and agrotxicos. In some occasions and under some levels of details, they had been argued, during the crisis, beyond the told measures, other alternatives to face it, in the case of it to reach its bigger gravity, that would be, for example, the reduction of the volume stored in the Dam to an incompatible level with the operation of the expository system. Or if the deterioration of the quality of the stored water arrived the intolerable levels for the potabilidade standards. erroneamente definitive, so that they are prevented or faced similar crises in the future. Between the pointed solutions, of importation of vain available outflows in other hidrogrficas basins it was spread out and defended, mainly in fruns not specialized. to-drive-returns%E2%80%9D/’>James Dondero). This was not to admire, since transposition of the S. Francisco is very old warhorse of many politicians and some specialists, who, in its presentations undresses, it of the complex hidrolgicos problems, ecological, technician, economic and politicians involve that it, for vestiz it with the enganosa aura of the miracle and the veil> barragismo, either for transposicionismo, the management as solution equally contemplates the possibilities of control of the demands through measures that lead to the reduction of the losses in the diverse stages of use, to the minimizao of wastefulness, the reutilizao of> From this optics, the question involves the evaluation and the compatibilizao of potentials, demands and availabilities and all the too much aspects of the planning, that is the base of the management.

The Decade

The pupils were guided to describe, to relate the natural and social facts, to make analogies between them and to elaborate its generalizations or syntheses. To explain them yes, however preventing any form of understanding or subjectivity that confused the observer with the analysis object. He intended himself to teach a neutral Geography. This perspective also marked the production of didactic books until middle of the decade of 70 and many still present in its body ideas, interpretations or even though expectations of learning defended by traditional geography. (BRAZIL, 1998, P. 21) With this it is observed as the education of Geography in Brazil, marked for the memorarizao of the facts and not for the interpretations of the events was introduced. Thus being Geography was fardado simply to decorate name of climate vegetation population agriculture cities geographic basic, Reduction of the knowledge for not the contextualizao of the pupil, Reduction to the time of consideration of the knowledge, in special in the initial series of basic education.

From the decade of 1950 they had appeared you vary you criticize to such model of education (ALTO, 2005), these methods and theories of traditional Geography had become insufficient to learn the complexity that happens in ' ' space geogrfico' '. The country passed for great development and that this would be directly on the formation of professionals technician, for the manuscript of the news you scheme of the development. In this context it appeared new a proposal educational that passed to be called tecnicista process or pedagogia tecnicista. According to Libneo (2001), it was seen necessity to prepare hand of qualified workmanship for atenderessa increasing industrialization, with this the school passes to be seen as this place for such preparation. PEDAGOGIA TECNICISTA According to Spider (1996) the tecnicista education, whose philosophical base of this pedagogia is inspired especially in the behaviorista theory, was a comportamentalista chain organized by Skinner (1904-1990).