ArtigoResumo: The article deals with the question of the black in the Brazilian colonial period and makes some consideraes on the question of racism in our current society. THE BLACK RESISTANCE IN PERIOD COLONIALCRENA OR IGNORANCE? During many years, Brazil one gave credit that the enslaved African accepted of passive form maltreatment practised for you of devices. This belief still intervened and intervenes today with the formation of the Brazilian society regarding our ancestor and its descendants with the present time the descending afros. Important that let us know which the origin of this type of belief and as it intervenes with the vision who we have on the black people or afras descending. This distorted idea of the society intervenes with the construction of auto-esteem and the identity as much in the black person as white. In the reality the belief or ignorance on the passivity of the Africans in the colonial period, escravista regimen (in Brazil), the indolncia, laziness and the conformismo with the situation imposed by you of slaves is a great mistake description.

Some factors exist that had contributed and contribute so that such mistake persists between us. We can detach: racism, and the lack of spreading of research more the unfamiliarity on the part of the society on the cultural contributions of the African to the Brazilian culture. Thus racism, in our society brings a negative vision on the black, day to day, former jokes: ' ' black only house with blond so that its children are born brancos' ' , or association between black and poverty, black and dirt and among others. On the lack of research spreading we detach the blacks as active citizens that had fought bravely against the escravista regimen, that they had its proper forms of organization. Its cities (quilombos) well were organized former: In the quilombos it had a hierarchy to govern, military organization and strategies to fight against the invaders.

However, few books bring histories of the African peoples, these would have more to be divulged. Therefore with certainty it would be a positive point for the enrichment of ours culture. Another decisive factor for the unfamiliarity of the black resistance in the escravista regimen is the belief of that in Brazil, it does not have racism and of that the different ethnic-racial groups, live of harmonious form, comparing with other countries at different times at which the black people live separate of the whites. She is necessary to stand out that all and any form of racism is unacceptable. Being thus, any set of ideas and you practise that they consider a ethnic-racial group as superior and as inferior they must be fought. Therefore, it is important to detach that the blacks had contributed in very for the enrichment of the Brazilian national culture; we can cite some examples in the literature of great writers Axe of Assis and Lima Barreto and in Milton music Birth, Gilbert Gil, Alcione, Martinho of the Village and amongst other personalities that are prominence in the national scene. Therefore, it makes if necessary that the historical, black personalities and afros facts descendant of the national scene are enaltecidos and detached as examples to fight what it was divulged until today on the black Man.