Persian carpet-making reached its highest point during the Safavid dynasty (1502-1736), period in which Iran reached its highest level in terms of artistic development. When Ismail Shah ascended the throne in 1499 he laid the foundations for what would become then a national industry, that would be the envy of many neighbouring countries. The manufacture of carpets, along with calligraphy and painting miniatures, flourished until arriving to an exceptional level. Carpet factories were created in the cities of Kerman, Isfahan, Kashan and Tabriz. Approximately, about 1,500 copies of that era are preserved eactualmente in various museums and private collections in the world. carpets Shah Abbas (1587-1629) encouraged trade with Europe and became the new capital, Isfahan, one of the most beautiful cities of Persia.
He created a Royal carpet factory where they worked most skilled designers. Most of these carpets were made of silk (e) Gold and silver thread. The most famous carpets of that era, dating from the year 1539, and come from the Ardabil mosque, in the opinion of many experts, represent the culmination of the mentioned development of the carpet design. The King Luis XIV of France sent even its own experts to Persia to learn design. The King Siegmund of Poland also sent their operators to Persia to purchase carpets. All these carpets were made for the Royal courts and nobles, being protected as valuable treasures. They had their own guards custodians and were used only in case of acts and other special occasions.