Modern heavy trucks running at high speeds and carrying ever-increasing volume of goods requires new solutions in brake systems for safety on the roads. With the development of electronic technology entered a new stage in the development of the automotive industry. Enormous sums were spent on a new generation of systems, ABS, and stability control and traction control systems. These innovations in eventually allow fleet owners to reduce the operating costs of vehicles, increase productivity and safety on the roads. The emergence of electronic braking systems (electronic brake system (EBS)) preceded the emergence of the idea of an electronic brake force distribution.
In a conventional braking system the force is transmitted evenly to all wheels without taking into account road conditions, traction power load of the vehicle. The electronic system distributes the braking force at each wheel as needed. As a rule, EBS integrates with anti-lock system (ABS) and traction control system (ASR). Currently, such technologies commercial vehicles are equipped with all the leading manufacturers, such as SCANIA, MAN, DAF, MERCEDES, Kenworth, Freightliner, etc. The main advantages of electronic braking systems include: reducing the number of components of the braking system to a 50% reduction the number of air connections, reducing installation costs, reducing the response, which accordingly reduces the braking distance. In addition, the modularity of EBS provides an open interface and integration with other systems vehicle. Currently, electronic brake system is installed in addition to the traditional air. In the pneumatic system there is a number of disadvantages, because the air that passes braking force is compressible.
Accordingly, it takes time to measure the pressure for action on the valves. Thus, these fractions of a second can play a crucial, particularly when pneumatic actuators are quite extended. Operation of electronic braking systems in real conditions has shown encouraging results. Leading companies such as WABCO, Haldex, Knorr-Bremse, Bendix constantly offer consumers new versions of EBS. At the same time yet Discussions are under way to complete the transition from traditional pneumatic to electronic